A five-pointed star as a common ancient sign of Abkhazia


The five-pointed star – a common Abkhazians ancient astral sign. It occurs even in the ancient amphorae of Apsili – ancestors of Abkhazians mentioned Greco-Roman authors with the I-II centuries.

Proportion of the width and length of the flag is 2:1. There are 7 alternative equal stripes of green and white color (four green and three white) – a certificate of toleration of the Caucasian peoples, in the minds of which Islam (green) peacefully coexisted with Christianity (white color). The first stripe from the upside is green. A purple rectangle is located in the top left corner. There is a white open palm vertically located in the center of purple rectangle. 7 white palm against a red background – is a symbol of Abkhazian statehood, which was formalized during the Abkhazian Kingdom and numbers XII centuries.

At the same time the flag size, number of stars, and the alternation of green and white stripes in common with the basic features of the historical flag of the independent republic of the North Caucasus (known in the literature as "Mountain Republic") proclaimed 11 May 1918 and existed for 1 year. At that time, a part of the Mountain Republic were seven countries: Dagestan, Chechnya, Ingushetia, Ossetia, Abkhazia, Kabarda, Adygea, Karachay-Balkaria. However, in the second half of June 1918, Abkhazia, as part of the Mountain Republic, was occupied until February 1921 the troops of the Georgian Democratic Republic. And from February 1931 with the active participation of Stalin and Beria was annexed by the Soviet Georgia.

Abkhazia, as an ancient Christian country with the IV, Along with two others (Ossetia, Kabarda) was presented at the Mountain Republic flag white stripe.

Modern flag of the Republic of Abkhazia, adopted by its Parliament in Sukhum on 23 July 1992, represents the main stages of development of the state of the Abkhaz people – one of the oldest indigenous ethnic groups of the Caucasus, language, culture and traditions which are most similar and closely related North Caucasus peoples, and above all Abaza, Circassians, Kabardians, Ubykhs, and others.